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There’s good news for EV startups like Tesla, Lucid, Rivian, and Polestar, who got a win today in Michigan. House Bill 6233, which would have essentially banned them from operating direct-sales showrooms in the state, has died in the state Senate.

That’s according to a report from CNET, which got word from Lucid Motors that the bill failed Friday.

“Lucid Motors is pleased that HB 6233 failed after the Michigan Senate ended its session without taking action on the bill,” it wrote in a statement.

According to Lucid Motors, the bill was anti-competitive. The statement also implied that the bill was designed to benefit dealer groups, not car buyers.

Indeed, environmental groups in Michigan decried the bill as counter-productive to EV adoption. Charlotte Jameson, program director for environmental affairs at the Michigan Environmental Council called the bill “telling” in September.

“Michigan continues to claim the mantle of being at the forefront of the auto industry, but full-electric vehicles are the future,” Jameson said. “It’s telling that instead of bills that break down regulatory barriers to electric vehicle adoption, the Michigan House chose to hinder the sale of electric vehicles and disincentivize manufacturers from locating in Michigan.”

Just because HB 6233 failed, though, does not mean that another won’t be introduced. Indeed, Lucid Motors said it expects the issue to be brought up again at some point.

The decision will be important to all small EV brands, though. Initially, it looked like Tesla would be excepted from the legislation’s ban, but a change to bill made just a few weeks ago removed Tesla’s exception from it.

Read Also: Michigan Does Backflip On Direct Sales Rules, Hurting Tesla

Startups, that is to say, smaller independent manufacturers could be facing more pressure than ever before. With major manufacturers like GM and Ford taking big strides with EVs this year, the market will be a competitive one in the near future.

Despite being convinced that the issue is not totally resolved, though, Lucid told Roadshow that it is not slowing its efforts to establish a presence in Michigan. The Michigan Environmental Council, for its part, suggested that legislators work to invite EVs in the state, rather than legislate against them.

“We have much more work to do to create a welcoming policy environment for the manufacture and sale of electric vehicles, but legislators can start by not supporting a bill that would throw cold water on the market,” said Jameson.


The coronavirus pandemic has changed how people buy cars as online sales have exploded in popularity.

A number of companies weren’t ready for the dramatic shift, but they adapted by rolling out new and improved online sales portals.

The latest is Nissan which has announced their Nissan@Home program. It’s being billed as a “complete online shopping” experience, which will allow people to buy a new vehicle without leaving their home.

Also Read: Coronavirus Pandemic Forcing Car Dealers To Embrace Online Sales

Nissan@Home will be available from participating U.S. dealerships in the coming months and it promises a “seamless online experience.” Using the service, shoppers will be able to schedule a test drive, manage the purchase process, take delivery, and handle service needs from a computer, tablet or smartphone.

While customers can choose to go to a dealership at any point in the buying process, they can avoid the trip altogether by completing the transaction online.

The service is a result of a pilot program which launched this summer and involved seven dealerships in Michigan, Illinois, Florida, Texas and Virginia. The program was a huge success and two dealerships noted their “close-rate nearly doubled with customers who used this online shopping solution.” As a result, Nissan@Home will be going national.

While it’s a little late and some dealerships might not offer the service until spring, Nissan’s vice president of ecommerce said “Nissan@Home gives customers what they’re asking for – the ability to purchase a vehicle on their terms.” Dan Mohnke added, the service is an “important first for Nissan” and will allow dealers to provide a better buying experience for customers.

相信某些人都有這樣的經驗~走在人行道上差點被後方疾駛而來的電動滑板車或電動車單撞上,或是運氣不好「真的被撞上」!其實任何電動載具在人行道快速行駛都是非常危險的事情,專家表示駕馭時速25km/h以上的交通工具,如不使用安全帽,發生事故時會有重傷與致命風險,行人被此類載具撞上就不用說了!

因此德國禁止電動滑板車使用人行道,只能使用自行車道(慢車道),限速20km/h,使用年齡14歲以上,當然嚴禁酒駕與「毒駕」,但即便如此,德國租賃式電動滑板車開放一個月(必須要有上路許可),警察就取締38起酒駕與6起毒駕,車禍事件更不在話下,顯然此類載具有列管必要。事實上馬來西亞政府也受夠了電動滑板車,已明文禁止此類載具在人行道上行駛。

相信許多駕駛與騎士也有這種經驗,在十字路口左轉或右轉的時候,忽然有電動滑板車或電單車騎士,從行道上高速衝出,雖然是行駛在人行道與斑馬線上,但是那種「異於行人」的速度令駕駛與騎士防不勝防,尤其是從汽車A柱盲點區域疾駛而來,往往「看到的時候=撞上的時刻」!相信目前任何車廠的十字路口撞擊警示系統,包括Volvo,都沒有辦法預知或防範這種「類自殺性攻擊事件」!

那怎麼辦?於是Ford並不打算從汽車的主動安全設計著手,因為治標不治本,結論乃是在電動滑板車上裝置Level 2半自動駕駛裝置!沒錯,這正是福特的拿手項目。「Spin」為福特集團旗下微型載具開發部門,目前的研發主力正是電動滑板車,為了發展智慧型駕駛系統,與專營GPS商業車隊雲端監控管理系統的「Drover AI」合作,並結合福特自家的主動安全科技,開發出具備駕駛輔助功能的智慧型電動滑板車「Spin Insight Level 2」,預計2021年第一季正式上路,可以預防電動滑板車「違規行駛」,主要銷售目標為美國與英國的電動載具租賃公司。

然而Spin Insight Level 2並非真的符合美國政府第二級自動駕駛規範,畢竟美國政府或它國政府都沒有針對電動滑板車進行自動駕駛認證!因此Spin Insight Level 2就只是一輛「預防違規」的智慧型電動滑板車,其功能包含:

最高速限,可針對不同道路狀況如人行道、慢車道自行調整。

支援停車區域與禁止停車區域警示功能,避免違規停車與任意停留等問題,此與租賃車服務有關鍵性連結,當然也包括租賃終了警示。

防盜、防駭、防國防黑布,如偷竊、破壞、遮蔽等行為,可鎖定輪胎或切斷電源系統。

車輛安全檢測,包含電力、動力、煞車、控制系統、高溫警報…等等

當車輛周邊有行人時會自動發出警示聲響

可依照當地的法規,進行程式修正,規範道路使用範圍與各種限制。

未來發展目標~將會有撞擊警示系統、自動學習系統、道路錯行警示系統

從上述種種智慧輔助設計來看,Spin Insight Level 2無疑是針對「電動滑板車租賃」所設計!相信一般人才不會買這種「限制很多」且「價格昂貴」的電動滑板車。不過德國目前已經將電動滑板車列入道路監理管制,禁止非法私人電動滑板車上路,降低相關電動載具交通事故與危險性。

目前看來,台灣的思維、觀念、文化…與歐美有很大差距,加上摩托車、電動機車相當普遍,電動滑板車租賃事業想在台灣發展相當困難,加上腳踏車租賃事業發展純熟,短時間應該不會見到Spin Insight Level 2在台灣出現。

Tags: Ford