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Toyota has settled with the U.S. Department of Justice for $180 million over a civil lawsuit for violations of the Clean Air Act.

The DoJ said that the lawsuit against Toyota was for “systematic, longstanding violations of Clean Air Act emission-related defect reporting requirements, which require manufacturers to report potential defects and recalls affecting vehicle components designed to control emissions.”

Toyota agreed to a $180 million fine, which is the largest civil penalty for violation of EPA’s emission-reporting requirements. The fine will be recorded as after-tax charges against earnings in the fiscal year ending this March.

Read Also: Toyota GR010 Hybrid Unveiled With Twin-Turbo 3.5-Liter V6 For Le Mans Hypercar Class

The Japanese carmaker had first disclosed in 2016 that it was under investigation for the delayed reports to the EPA. The settlement came almost immediately after the announcement by the U.S. Attorney Office in Manhattan that the government had filed a civil lawsuit against Toyota.

The lawsuit alleged that, from 2005 until at least late 2015, Toyota violated the Clean Air Act automobile defect reporting requirements after the company failed to file an EDIR no less than 78 times.

In a statement to Reuters, Toyota said that nearly five years ago they “identified and self-reported a process gap that resulted in a delay in the filing of certain non-public EPA reports for emissions-related defects in vehicles.” The company added that “while this reporting delay resulted in a negligible emissions impact if any, we recognize that some of our reporting protocols fell short of our own high standards, and we are pleased to have resolved this matter.”

Unlike other manufacturers charged by the EPA and the Department of Justice in the past, Toyota was not charged with emissions-cheating but only for not filing reports to the Environmental Protection Agency.

“For a decade, Toyota systematically violated regulations that provide EPA with a critical compliance tool to ensure that vehicles on the road comply with federal emissions standards,” said Audrey Strauss, Acting U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York. “Toyota shut its eyes to the noncompliance, failing to provide proper training, attention, and oversight to its Clean Air Act reporting obligations.”


從 2012 年 Tesla 推出 Model S 以來,除了陸續推出 Model X、3、Y 等新車,始終都沒有進行大改款,近日根據外媒《Electrek》引述知情人士的報導,原廠已經開始出清 Model S 與 Model X 庫存,意味將大改款。

外媒引述知情人士的消息,Model S 與 Model X 即將進行改款。

根據外媒掌握的資訊,Tesla 目前在 1 月底前讓 Model S 與 Model X 庫存一輛不留,外媒推測,在季初就開始清庫存屬於較為罕見的情況,因此進行改款的機率較高,並且這兩款車的產線目前都已關閉,有近一個月都沒有新車下線。

針對 Model S 與 Model X 產線關閉,外媒普遍認為,這是 Tesla 打算升級這兩款車的產線,用於生產新款 Model S 和 Model X。另外一點佐證的資訊,是 Tesla 已調漲這兩款車的售價,並延長交車期,預計 3 月抵達歐洲市場。

Tesla 打算在 Model 3 之下,推出一款入門電動車,售價約 70 萬元台幣左右。

除了 Model S 與 Model X 兩者傳出要改款消息,先前更有消息指出,Tesla 打算在上海 Gigafactory 生產一款最新電動車,有望將售價下調至 2 萬 5000 美元(約 70 萬元台幣),將創下 Tesla 電動車最低售價。

根據推測,這款車的驗證工作會在今年 3 月完成,在 2022 年之前有望推出,以 Model 3 底盤為基礎,用來作為 Tesla 最入門電動車的地位。外媒《Insideevs》認為,這樣的小型 Tesla 電動車會很適合歐洲市場。

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早在 2019 年 Ford 便傳出考量房車市場下跌,以及車海策略所墊高的生產成本,打算將現行世代 Mondeo 與 S-Max、Galaxy 兩款延伸 MPV 等車系進行整合,由一款全新 SUV 取代,外媒透露,將成為跑旅風格跨界車。

外媒繪製 Ford 新 SUV 的外觀預想圖。

從外媒《kolesa.ru》釋出的預想圖來看,與現行的 Ford 家族設計略有不同,搭載六角形網狀水箱護罩,上方加入新車名 Mondeo Evos 中的 Evos 字樣,兩側延伸出銳利頭燈組,整體的車頂線條類似轎跑車風格,保桿也是運動風格。

隨著 Ford 在英國、澳洲與紐西蘭等地申請 Mondeo Evos 商標,目前各大外媒主流推測都是一款像 Subaru Outback 一樣,結合旅行車與跨界休旅特色的高底盤旅行車,取代 Mondeo 與 S-Max、Galaxy 等車的市場位置。

新 SUV 預期會以 Mondeo Evos 作為車名。

至於 Evos 這個名稱其實並不陌生,早在 2011 年 Ford 發表一款重要概念車就是叫這個名稱,當時展示品牌最新設計語彙,現行版本 Mondeo 就是參考這款車打造,未來預計將以此名稱取代 Mondeo 繼續銷售。

先前 Ford 技術與策略部總監 Jim Farley 就曾透露,傳統車款走向高底盤化的趨勢,讓消費者能在享有多功能性的同時,也無須擔憂傳統休旅車款的高油耗問題。並進一步暗示 Ford 有意跟進,預計導入同現行 Focus 的 C2 模組化底盤結構。

成為粉絲,看更多汽車情報->《自由時報汽車頻道粉絲團

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