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【中字】Toyota Voxy, Nissan e-Power Serena, Honda Stepwgn 尾箱實測 |拍車男


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Carmakers are reportedly worried that upcoming Euro 7 emissions standards will increase compliance costs to the point where it will no longer be profitable to build passenger vehicles without a plug-in hybrid system or fully electric propulsion.

Euro 7 standards will further reduce the maximum allowable emissions and are expected to go into effect in 2025 at the very earliest, as reported by Autonews Europe.

One proposal would see nitrogen oxides (NOx) drop to 30 milligrams per km, which by today’s standards would actually be below the margin of error seen on portable emissions measurement systems.

Read: Britain Now Needs To Solve Range Anxiety, Following Decision To Ban ICE Units In 2030

Come January, Euro 6d standards will enforce vehicles having to emit no more than 80 mg/km, on the test bench as well as in real world conditions – excluding the margin of error on portable emissions measurement units, estimated at 34.4 mg/km max.

Now, a senior engineer at VW stated that if Euro 7 proposals from the EU’s Advisory Group on Vehicle Emission Standards go into effect (such as one that takes into consideration statistically infrequent edge cases, like extreme temperatures), the German carmaker will no longer afford to sell a Polo supermini for as little as 15,000 euros.

“If they extend the boundary conditions of the test to include uphill driving while towing a trailer, then that will be the end of combustion engine cars – not even a 48-volt mild hybrid could meet such low requirements in every situation,” he said, while refusing to be quoted by name.

“We would have to get rid of manuals in order to be able to dictate the precise timing of the gear switch and accelerations would be far more gradual,” the engineer continued, “so, the car would behave like it was on sleeping tablets. Not only would costs soar, everything that is fun about driving would also disappear.”

While some of us might be more than happy to tell ICE-only models good riddance, we need to consider the fact that not everybody will be able to afford purchasing new plug-in hybrids or battery-electric cars.

“People who for whatever reason cannot make the switch to electric cars end up holding onto their existing cars, rather than replacing them with cleaner ones,” added the VW engineer.

This scenario would indeed end up increasing harmful emissions, at least in the short term.

Meanwhile, industry lobbying group ACEA says that Euro 7 engineering targets would have to be set close to zero in order to take account of the measuring tolerance.

“There is no evidence to show that a NOx limit of 30 mg/km is technically feasible today, especially over all possible types of on-road driving. The same limit would also have to be met under a whole range of more extreme driving conditions, including high altitude, high speed, uphill driving, driving with a full load and driving in harsher winter and summer conditions.”

In any case, regardless of when these new norms come into effect and how stringent they are, the days of the non-electrified internal combustion engine are clearly numbered.

Volvo has announced that it will start to produce electric motors at its engine plant in Skövde, Sweden as it marches towards establishing an all-electric lineup.

The car manufacturer will invest 700 million Swedish kroner ($82.5 million) in order to establish complete in-house production of electric motors by the middle of the decade. In the first stage, the Skövde factory will simply assemble electric motors while at a later stage it will bring the full manufacturing process in-house.

“The very first Volvo from 1927 was powered by an engine built in Skövde,” Javier Varela, senior vice president of Industrial Operations and Quality at Volvo, said. “The team is highly skilled and committed to delivering on the highest quality standards. So it is only fitting that they will be a part of our exciting future.”

Read Also: Volvo Boss Says SUV Share Will Likely Grow To 75%

The design and development of the electric motors currently used by Volvo takes place in Gothenburg, Sweden and Shanghai, China. When production of electric motors at the Skövde site commences, the production of internal combustion engines will be transferred to a separate subsidiary of Volvo, Powertrain Engineering Sweden, which will be later merged with Geely’s combustion engine operations.

Volvo wants half of its global sales to be all-electric models by 2025, with the rest being hybrids. Speaking with the media recently, chief executive Hakan Samuelsson said he would be surprised if Volvo was producing anything other than electric vehicles from 2030.

“The way forward would be to have clear rules on when we need to exit the combustion engine,” Samuelsson stated earlier this month. “Once you have realized that the petrol and diesel engine are really not part of the future, it’s rather easy to see you have to move fast into the new world.”

燃料電池電動汽車(FCEV)以氫為燃料,而氫是一種可以從各種能源中生產的燃料,有助於保護全球環境和加強能源安全。第一代Mirai則是在這樣的理念下生產並於2014年推出,是相當具革命性的FCEV代表和大規模生產的全球先驅。如今睽違6年,終於在前天(12月9日)於日本市場正式發表全新第二代 Mirai 氫燃料電池車,建議售價7,100,000至8,050,000 日圓起(約新台幣 192 至218萬元起)。

▲ 睽違六年終於發表最新款Toyota Mirai。(圖片來源/Toyota,以下同)

全新 Toyota Mirai 採用 TNGA 平台打造,是一台長 4,975mm、寬1,885mm、高1,470mm 及軸距 2,920mm 的 5人座房車,比起前一代更長、更寬,不過高度降低,搭配19、20吋輪圈,並使用前後多連桿的懸吊,更散發出速度感、增加整體運動感,同時提供8種顏色選擇,比較特別的是一款全新研發的顏色「Force Blue Multiple Layers」,可透過本身的鮮豔度呈現出車子的與眾不同。


在內裝方面,Mirai 融合了駕駛樂趣與舒適感,在駕駛座前方具備一個 8 吋儀表板、中控台則有12.3 吋的觸控螢幕,選用大量皮革、縫鋼琴烤漆點綴,並以紅色縫線與皮革形成對比,產生運動感;此外,因為燃料電池位置重新調整,因此車室空間從四人座改為五人座,後座還有出風口、USB孔及插座。



不僅如此,Mirai更配備了多項安全駕駛輔助系統,包含最新的Toyota Safety Sense,內有駕駛停車輔助、交叉路口撞擊預防輔助、巡航控制系統等等,更具備先進的停車輔助系統以及Mobility Teammate Concept(豐田汽車專屬自動駕駛概念),是最新的駕駛輔助功能,讓汽車和駕駛透過智能對話確認彼此的狀態,從而實現安全又舒適的駕駛環境。

至於動力部分,全車共有3個氫燃料儲存箱,放置於車前、中、後三處,分別可儲存 64 升、52 升、25升,共可存放最大容量141升的氫燃料,且採後輪驅動,燃料電池模組最大輸出功率有 128 kW(174ps);電動馬達最大輸出功率134 kW(182ps/6940rpm)、最大扭力300 Nm(30.6 kgm/0~3267rpm),驅動(鋰)電池容量4.0 Ah,極速約 175 km/h,最大行駛續航里程為750~850 km;依據WLTC測試標準,平均燃料消耗135~152km/kg。


第二代 Mirai已在日本發表,建議售價7,100,000至8,050,000 日圓起(約新台幣 192 至218萬元起),由於第一代僅售出10,000台,盼這款車型可搭配日本政府各地的稅制減免降低金額,提高氫燃料電池車的銷售量。

▲第二代Mirai建議售價為7,100,000至8,050,000 日圓。

Tags: Toyota環保房車豐田日本車系FCV氫燃料電池Mirai氫燃料日系轎車氫燃料電池電動車Mirai未來氫燃料電池動力系統氫燃料電池動力氫燃料電池車FCV氫燃料動力豐田汽車日本車日系車款Toyota Mirai